What is Myopia?

Myopia is also known as "near-sightedness" or "short-sightedness" and is a condition of the eye where the eyes have excessive focusing power, therefore causing light to inaccurately focus inside the eye, resulting in blurred vision. 

Is Myopia a serious condition?

  • Yes, it's not just about glasses or contact lenses
  • Potentially blinding with irreversible loss of vision
  • Increased risk of cataract, glaucoma, macular disease, and retinal detachment

Lack of Awareness

  • 65% of Australian parents with children aged 17 and under don't know what myopia is
  • 76% of Australian parents believe that a regular pair of glasses is the best treatment option
  • 31% of Australian children have never been to an optometrist by the age of 17

How common is Myopia in Australia?

  • Looming worldwide epidemic
  • Age of onset has moved from 11 years of age back in the 1980s, to just 8 years of age today
  • Prevalence of myopia in 12-year-olds has doubled in 6 years
  • 1/3 of children have myopia by the time they finish high school
    • 4% of these children are much more likely to suffer serious eye health problems

evidence-based Myopia Management Summary

A fantastic resource that summarises the current knowledge in an evidence-based way is available from Johnson & Johnson. After personally studying the scientific papers, I believe that this provides an accurate reflection of what we know today about myopia progression management in children.


Are all optometrists able to prescribe myopia management products? 


There are many different options now for myopia management, however, the majority of optometrists are still prescribing single vision lenses that do not offer any protection.


Dr Carina Trinh (optometrist) is the only accredited practitioner in the Burwood/Strathfield area to prescribe NaturalVue and EDOF 1 Day SEED contact lenses. These offer a higher prescription range possible compared to other daily disposable lenses available for myopia management. She offers the full gamut of treatment options for myopia management.


Regardless of treatment choice



must be measured to quantify the efficacy of treatment. To find out more, click here.

Please visit Sydney Orthokeratology for further details on management options for myopic children.

What are the risk factors for myopia?

  • Parents with myopia
  • Increase close up work/screen time
  • Asian ethnicity (faster progression)
  • Highly educated parents
  • Glasses that are not up to date

What can be done?

  • Reduce screen time
  • Have children spend 90 min to 120 min daily outdoors
  • Take breaks every 45 min when on screens/reading
  • Good lighting
  • 3 monthly - 6 monthly axial length measurements to measure the efficacy of treatment
  • Regular 6 monthly eye examinations at a trusted optometrist who is up to date with the latest research for myopia in children

What can be done if your child is already myopic?

  • 3-6 monthly eye exams with axial length measurements
  • Proactive myopia management options including
    • Orthokeratology night contact lenses
    • MiSight daily disposable contact lenses
    • MiyoSmart spectacle lenses
    • NaturalVue daily disposable contact lenses
    • SEED EDOF 1 Day
    • Extended focus spectacles
    • Low dose atropine (0.01% - 0.05%)
    • or alternative treatment options depending on the recommendation from your optometrist and discussion with parents as to what will be the best option for the child.

Contact Dr Carina Trinh by emailing, sending a text to or calling 0423 590 959.

You can also contact her over Facebook or Instagram #carinaeyecare.  

Please make sure that you book an appointment if you plan to visit Carina Eye Care at 40 Neich Parade, Burwood NSW 2134.